Asri Mutiara Putri


Abstrak: Gaya Hidup Sehat dan Subjective well being pada Mahasiswa Kedokteran. Penelitian bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh gaya hidup sehat, yaitu aktivitas fisik, kebiasaan makan, dan kualitas tidur terhadap subjective well being mahasiswa kedokteran. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik dengan desain cross sectional. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah 150 mahasiswa kedokteran di Bandar Lampung. Data dalam penelitian diperoleh melalui 4 alat ukur yaitu College Student Subjective well being Questionnaire, Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile, Eating Habit Questionnaire, dan Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Data dianalisis menggunakan Regresi Linear Berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat pengaruh signifikan dari ketiga variabel secara simultan terhadap subjective well being mahasiswa, namun secara parsial, hanya variabel aktivitas fisik dan kebiasaan makan yang menunjukkan pengaruh signifikan, sedangkan variabel kualitas tidur tidak. Hasil analisis juga menunjukkan kebiasaan makan merupakan prediktor terkuat terhadap subjective well being mahasiswa kedokteran. Perguruan tinggi diharapkan dapat melakukan promosi untuk membentuk kebiasaan makan sehat dan meningkatkan keterlibatan mahasiswa terhadap aktivitas fisik dalam rangka mencapai subjective well being yang lebih baik.


Subjective well being, Aktivitas Fisik, Kebiasaan Makan, dan Kualitas Tidur


Al-Khani, A. M., Sarhandi, M. I., Zaghloul, M. S., Ewid, M., & Saquib, N. (2019). A cross-sectional survey on sleep quality, mental health, and academic performance among medical students in Saudi Arabia. BMC Research Notes, 12(1), 1–5.

Ayala, E. E., Omorodion, A. M., Nmecha, D., Winseman, J. S., & Mason, H. R. C. (2017). What Do Medical Students Do for Self-Care? A Student-Centered Approach to Well-Being. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 29(3), 237–246.

Buysse, D. J., Reynolds, C. F., Monk, T. H., Berman, S. R., & Kupfer, D. J. (1989). Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF, Monk TH, Berman SR, Kupfer DJ. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res. 1989;28:193–213.

Diener, E., Oishi, S., & Lucas, R. E. (2003). Personality, Culture, and Subjective Well-being: Emotional and Cognitive Evaluations of Life. Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 403–425.

Dunn, L. B., Iglewicz, A., & Moutier, C. (2008). Promoting Resilience and Preventing Burnout. Academic Psychiatry : The Journal of the American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training and the Association for Academic Psychiatry, 32(February), 44–53.

Dyrbye, L. N., & Shanafelt, T. D. (2011). Commentary: Medical student distress: A call to action. Academic Medicine, 86(7), 801–803.

Falk, L. W., Sobal, J., Bisogni, C. A., Connors, M., & Devine, C. M. (2001). Managing healthy eating: Definitions, classifications, and strategies. Health Education and Behavior, 28(4), 425–439.

Gold, J. A., Johnson, B., Leydon, G., Rohrbaugh, R. M., & Wilkins, K. M. (2015). Mental health self-care in medical students: A comprehensive look at help-seeking. Academic Psychiatry, 39(1), 37–46.


Guillemin, I., Marrel, A., Arnould, B., Capuron, L., Dupuy, A., Ginon, E., Layé, S., Lecerf, J. M., Prost, M., Rogeaux, M., Urdapilleta, I., & Allaert, F. A. (2016). How French subjects describe well-being from food and eating habits? Development, item reduction and scoring definition of the Well-Being related to Food Questionnaire (Well-BFQ©). Appetite, 96, 333–346.

Hanawi, S. A., Saat, N. Z. M., Zulkafly, M., Rahim, A., Bashid, M., Aziz, A., & Low, F. J. (2020). Impact of a Healthy Lifestyle on the Psychological Well-being of University Students. Available Online Www.Ijpras.Com International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research & Allied Sciences, 2020(2), 1–7.

Kasten, N. (2017). The effect of physical activity on sleep quality , well-being , and affect in academic stress periods. 117–126.

Kleszczewska, D., Szkutnik, A. M., Siedlecka, J., & Mazur, J. (2019). Physical activity, sedentary behaviours and duration of sleep as factors affecting the well-being of young people against the background of environmental moderators. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(6).

Lopes, E., Milheiro, I., & Maia, A. (2013). Sleep quality in college students: a study about the contribution of lifestyle, academic performance and general well-being. Sleep Medicine, 14(2013), e185.

Moses, J., Bradley, G. L., & O’Callaghan, F. V. (2016). When college students look after themselves: Self-care practices and well-being. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 53(3), 346–359.

Renshaw, T. L., & Bolognino, S. J. (2016). The College Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire: A Brief, Multidimensional Measure of Undergraduate’s Covitality. Journal of Happiness Studies, 17(2), 463–484.

Ridner, S. L., Newton, K. S., Staten, R. R., Crawford, T. N., & Hall, L. A. (2016). Predictors of well-being among college students. Journal of American College Health, 64(2), 116–124.

Schnettler, B., Miranda, H., Lobos, G., Orellana, L., Sepúlveda, J., Denegri, M., Etchebarne, S., Mora, M., & Grunert, K. G. (2015). Eating habits and subjective well-being. A typology of students in Chilean state universities. Appetite, 89, 203–214.

Terebessy, A., Czeglédi, E., Balla, B. C., Horváth, F., & Balázs, P. (2016). Medical students’ health behaviour and self-reported mental health status by their country of origin: A cross-sectional study. BMC Psychiatry, 16(1), 1–9.

Walker, S.N., & Hill-Polerecky, D. M. (1996). Psychometric evaluation of the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II. 1987–1988.

Zenic, N., Taiar, R., Gilic, B., Blazevic, M., Maric, D., Pojskic, H., & Sekulic, D. (2020). Levels and changes of physical activity in adolescents during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Contextualizing urban vs. Rural living environment. Applied Sciences, 10(11), 1–14.

Zhang, Z., He, Z., & Chen, W. (2020). The relationship between physical activity intensity and subjective well-being in college students. Journal of American College Health, 0(0), 1–6.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Medika Malahayati

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.